#JobHack Participant Briefing


On 19 October 2015, the Cabinet Office will host the UK’s first ever Job Hack at the Digital Catapult in London. Thanks for joining us!

Part of the government’s commitment to ending long-term youth unemployment, the event will bring together a diverse group of talented and creative people who will collaborate to find solutions using data.

Participants will be challenged to come up with new ideas so that young people can get access to the training and employment opportunities they need to succeed.

Our goal: Ending long-term unemployment: getting young people ages 16-24 into jobs or education so they can build a successful future.

Challenges to make a difference

At the event, we are hoping you can come up with new and creative ideas to help every young person secure the jobs they need.

We are highlighting a list of open government datasets to analyse from a range of sources – on everything from academic achievement and further education choices, to labour market statistics and sector employment breakdowns.

You can use this data — or any other data you have the rights to — to generate new ideas. You’ll then have the chance to show your ideas and progress — prototypes or plans — to the entire group at the end of the day. The best solutions from the day will be presented for consideration to the Earn or Learn taskforce chaired by Matt Hancock, Minister for the Cabinet Office.


Other information

  • We’d like you to work on new projects and showcase things built on the day.
  • We are happy to for you to keep all IP on the work you create and would encourage you to grow and expand it after the hack day.
  • Offsite participation: unfortunately we aren’t set up for remote participation on this event. We hope you can join us in a future event.



Job Hack Agenda

8.30-9.30am   Hackers arrive at Digital Catapult

9:30am           Event opens with speakers:

●Matt Hancock, Minister for the Cabinet Office

●Gerard Grech, CEO, Tech City

●Hadley Beeman, Government Digital Service, Job Hack facilitator

9.40am           Team formation and the hack begins

The hackers will be provided with lunch and refreshments.

4.00pm           Demo of ideas

5pm                Close



Job Hack Policy focus: Some specific approaches you might take

During the day you may want to focus on a particular aspect of the work we’re doing already, or identify a specific problem you would like to address.

Here are some ideas and key datasets for narrowing down your challenge. Please note that we have included these as prompts, so feel free to work on another related areas or direct your focus as you see fit:


  1. Can you identify which 16 to 24 year olds are NEET (Young person who is Not in Employment, Education or Training), are likely to become NEET and what their characteristics are?
    1. Answering this will help to understand the typical behaviours and characteristics of NEETs so we can offer timely interventions in ways that will resonate with the target demographic and lead to positive employment outcomes in the medium to long-term.
    2. Key Datasets: NEET StatisticsParticipation in education and training: local authority figuresYoung People NEET: Comparative Data ScorecardCharacteristics of Young Unemployed People


  1. Are there innovative ways of using our data to inform those classified as NEET and at risk of NEET of training and education opportunities (including traineeships and apprenticeships)?
    1. Answering this will help deliver wider training opportunities and supply 3 million new apprenticeships, with a particular focus on benefitting young people (16-24 year olds).
    2. Key Datasets: Apprenticeship Vacancies (AV) APICourse DirectoryFE ChoicesParticipation in education and training: local authority figuresPre-Work Programme; New Enterprise Allowance and Youth Contract statisticsWork Programme


  1. What are the best channels for engaging with NEET groups?
    1. Answering this will help ensure that young people who are not making active decisions about their future are positively influenced in a tailored way (thereby offering a timely service or intervention to the most vulnerable to NEET status).
    2. Key Datasets: Apprenticeship Vacancies (AV) APICourse DirectoryFE ChoicesParticipation in education and training: local authority figures


  1. What are the routes available to young people based on their circumstances, e.g. courses available to those who are unemployed (and what these lead on to)? What are the labour market outcomes associated with these routes?
    1. Answering this will help to supplement and aid delivery of the government’s commitment to provide careers advice and routes into work experience and apprenticeships, without duplicating other provision in local areas.
    2. Key datasets: Labour Markets Information (LMI) - especially Labour Force Survey; All Education Database: Average Earnings After Further Education; Further education - comparing labour market economic benefits from qualifications gained; Adult further education: outcome based success measures


  1. What barriers are NEETS facing to gaining unemployment? How do we break down these barriers?
    1. Answering this will help enable better targeting of services and dissemination of messages and communication to help navigate these barriers.
    2. Key Datasets: NEET StatisticsParticipation in education and training: local authority figuresYoung People NEET: Comparative Data ScorecardFE ChoicesSchool Performance Tables
  1. Do 16-24 year olds need new and different ways to get more information about how they can get into training, further and higher education? (Take a look at Skills Route and the USA’s College Scorecard)




The government’s plan to end long term youth unemployment

These are the steps the government is already taking; we’re hoping you can help us build on them.


1. Delivering apprenticeships, wider training and careers advice to young people, including:

a. delivering 3 million new apprenticeships, with a particular focus on how this programme benefits young people (16-24 year olds);

b. improving the skills and FE on offer to young people, including by replacing some FE courses with apprenticeships; and,

c. improving careers provision, including by considering the role of Jobcentre Plus advisors in working with schools and colleges to supplement careers advice and provide routes into work experience and apprenticeships.


2. Supporting young people who are NEET (Young person Not in Employment, Education or Training) or at risk of becoming NEET, including:

a. support for 16-17 year olds who are NEET or at risk of becoming NEET;

b. scaling up the use of social impact bonds and payment by results in tackling youth unemployment; and,

c. local monitoring of, and accountability for, young people who are NEET.


3. Reforming benefits for young people, including:

a. introducing a Youth Allowance, day one and 6 month conditionality for 18-21 year olds, and removing automatic entitlement to housing support for 18-21 year olds; and,

b. any other changes needed to ensure young people are earning or learning.


4. Joining up delivery of programmes and support for young people, including:

a. improving the overall landscape to help young people and employers navigate the various skills and training provision and other support; and,

b. improving data and accountability, including by matching HMRC data to educational providers to track employment outcomes.





Key datasets to consider


Here is a list of the most relevant datasets for the Job Hack (in our opinion - we are happy for you to prove us wrong!) Please feel free to go beyond those listed as you feel necessary.


  • All Education Database (Experimental Database)

The All Education Database will bring together datasets from four departments (Further Education data from BIS; National Pupil Database and Higher Education Data from DfE, tax records from HMRC and employment data from DWP). This database will open up an as yet undetermined amount of avenues for analysis, for example, it could look specifically at the education/careers trajectory of those with disabilities, those from demographic subgroups, those from different types of schools and so on. Importantly, it will help dismiss the misconception that an following an academic path is the only way to get where you want in terms of a career. The all Education Database will not be open for public use, though it will enable a source for analysis by government. While the database is not available for the hack, some government analysis has already been undertaken. Here are three examples:
1) Average earnings after further education - 2010 to 2013: Experimental data showing average earnings up to 3 years after completing further education study, by qualification achieved in 2009 to 2010
2) Further education - comparing labour market economic benefits from qualifications gained: Estimates the economic benefits to an individual from achieving further education qualifications
3) Adult further education: outcome based success measures - experimental data 2010 to 2013: experimental data showing the destinations outcomes of learners completing an eligible FE learning aim from 2010/11 to 2012/13

  • Participation in education and training: local authority figures

A wider set of education and training breakdowns for 16/17 year olds by local authority. The latest figures are shown by: type of establishment; age; gender; ethnic group and disability. Local authorities, schools and colleges can use this information to assess their area’s performance against previous years and neighbouring localities.

  • Destinations data

Destination measures include the statistical first release held by DfE and School Performance Tables. The statistical first release covers both key stage four and five, while the performance tables just take the key stage four results (they are more reliable).

  • NEET Statistics

Statistics for young people Not in Education, Employment or Training.

  • Apprenticeship Vacancies (AV) API

AV live is the National Apprenticeship Service’s official online widget that allows you to stream current apprenticeship vacancies and traineeship opportunities on to your site.

  • Course Directory

The course directory contains information on courses offered by learning providers who are contracted with the Skills Funding Agency (SFA). This data is made available via an Application Programming Interface (API) for use in websites and applications. It is intended that the Course Directory will include 16-19 EFA-funded courses as well as SFA courses and DfE are working with providers now to upload their 16-19 course data.

  • FE choices

Information learners will find important, such as: what people studying or training with an organisation thought about their experience, how employers rated the training they received and how many people completed courses or training and as a result found benefits in their job, or moved into further learning or work. We also publish Success Rates which show how many people achieved the qualifications they started. We have built a prototype Application Programming Interface (API) to make this data available.


  • Labour Markets Information (LMI)

LMI for All includes information from two key products from the Office for National Statistics: the Labour Force Survey and the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings; plus data from two products from the UK Commission for Employment and Skills: the Employer Skills Survey and Working Futures. It also includes vacancy data from Universal JobMatch, and data on skills, interests and abilities from the US O*NET database. This data is made available via an Application Programming Interface (API) for use in websites and applications.


  • School Performance Tables

The Performance Tables give information on the achievements of pupils in primary, secondary and 16-18 provision in schools and colleges, and how they compare with other schools and colleges in the Local Authority (LA) area and in England as a whole.

  • Young People NEET: Comparative Data Scorecard

This scorecard provides information about young people’s participation and attainment in education, employment or training in a single publication. The scorecard allows local authorities and their partners to monitor their own performance and compare it with that of others; aims to put the local authorities’ NEET figures into context by setting them alongside a range of other related information.


  • Level 2 and 3 attainment by young people aged 19 in 2014

This statistical first release (SFR) includes statistics for England covering overall level 2 and 3 attainment by: age; cohort; qualification type; institution type. It also includes breakdowns by: gender; ethnicity; special educational needs (SEN); eligibility for free school meals (FSM) for those in state schools at age 15; measures for attainment of level 2 English and maths. Local authority data is available for both overall level 2 and 3 attainment, and breakdowns by FSM and SEN status at age 15.

  • FE data library: local authority tables

FE and schools learner participation breakdown by local authority.

  • Pre-Work Programme, New Enterprise Allowance and Youth Contract statistics

This link provides all of DWP’s published stats on employment programmes – most of which have age splits within them.

  • Work Programme

There are two ways of using the Tool: to produce bespoke tabulations to your requirements or use our One-click tables to give you an overview of the benefit or scheme in which you are interested.

  • Labour Market Statistics

Official Labour Market Statistics, including: Annual Civil Service Employment Survey; Annual Population Survey/Labour Force Survey; Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings; Business Register and Employment Survey/Annual Business Inquiry; Census of Population; Claimant Count; DWP Benefits; Jobcentre Plus Vacancies; Jobs density; Population Estimates; UK Business Counts; VAT Registrations & Stocks; Workforce Jobs.

  • Youth Unemployment Innovation Fund pilot: statistics and evaluation

This collection brings together publications reporting on progress of the Youth Unemployment Innovation Fund (IF) pilot. The publications provide: statistics on the number of IF participant starts and positive outcomes; qualitative evaluation findings from face-to-face interviews with project participants, investors, intermediaries, deliverer managers and staff and other stakeholders in each of the IF pilot projects.



Other relevant data

  • The percentage of referrals to the Work Programme that could achieve a job outcome

This table shows data regarding the percentage of referrals to the Work Programme that could achieve a job outcome and did achieve a job outcome up to June 2014. Data is available by region, local authority, contract et al.

  • Sub-regional public and private sector employee job estimates

National and regional data on the number of employee jobs in the public and private sector.

  • Proportion of employee jobs in selected industrial sectors

This data details the proportion of employee jobs in selected industrial sectors by NUTS areas. The sectors which have been analysed are: aerospace & defence, automotive, chemicals, construction, information & communication, life sciences, metals, retail & wholesale.

  • Private sector employment indicator (PSEI)

The private sector employment indicator (PSEI) shows whether, over time, dependency on the private sector for employment is increasing and how this rebalancing varies by region. Data for the indicator is published quarterly. The indicator is defined as a share of private sector employment of population aged 16 to 64 plus those who are aged over 64 in the labour market.

  • Public Sector Employment (PSE)

This release contains detailed public sector employment estimates, updated quarterly.

  • Annual Business Inquiry (ABI)

The Annual Business Inquiry (ABI) is conducted in two parts: employment and financial information. This release deals with the financial inquiry which collects information for about two thirds of the UK economy, covering production; construction; motor trades; wholesale; retail; catering and allied trades; property; service trades and from the 2000 inquiry agriculture (part), hunting, forestry and fishing. The financial variables covered include turnover, purchases, employment costs, capital expenditure and stocks. Approximate Gross Value Added (GVA) is calculated as an input into the measurement of Gross Domestic product (GDP). These web pages are mainly devoted to the financial information but include some employment data. Source agency: Office for National Statistics Designation: National Statistics Language: English Alternative title: ABI, ABS, Annual Business Survey

  • Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES)

BRES provides a rich dataset from which small area analyses can be derived at varying industrial and geographical levels. High level UK BRES estimates are published on the ONS website, while detailed GB regional estimates are published on NOMIS. BRES is regarded as the definitive source of official Government employee statistics.

  • Low Pay

Data on the lower end of the UK earnings distribution and the number of jobs paid below the national minimum wage by sex, age, occupation, industry and region. These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

  • Work Choice Statistics

Number of referrals to Work Choice in the period and the corresponding numbers of Work Choice starts and job outcomes. (Work Choice can help you get and keep a job if you’re disabled and find it hard to work.)

  • Regional Labour Market Statistics

Official statistics on employment, unemployment, inactivity, jobs and the Claimant Count for regions, local authorities and parliamentary constituencies. Nomisweb: View a labour market profile of an area. Includes data on population, employment, unemployment, qualifications, earnings, benefit claimants and businesses.

  • Geographical breakdowns of Get Britain Working statistics

This publication contains statistics on: work experience starts; sector-based work academy pre-employment training starts; New Enterprise Allowance (NEA) mentor starts; weekly allowance starts

  • Work experience and sector-based work academy starts

This document contains work experience and sector-based work academy pre-employment training starts by Jobcentre Plus district, local authority and parliamentary constituency.

  • Support for the very long term unemployed: early analysis of a test

The Work Programme provides support for up to 2 years to help long term unemployed people find work. This dataset documents tests made to provide support for people who reach the end of their 2 years without finding work. This was called the “support for the very long term unemployed trailblazer”. The statistics in this publication give an early estimate of the effectiveness of the test.

  • The Changing Shape of UK Manufacturing

The latest statistics on output, jobs, productivity, wages, plus research and development expenditure in the UK industry.
Aerospace detail:
Textiles detail:

  • Northern Ireland census of jobs and employment: 2013

The total number of employee jobs in Northern Ireland. Industry and geography breakdowns provided. Provides the most recent information on sub-Northern Ireland and industry characteristics of non-agricultural businesses.

  • UKCES Employer Skills Survey

The UK Commission’s Employer Skills Survey (UKCESS) is the largest of its kind in the world. It gives a comprehensive and robust picture of skills needs and training investment in UK business. Topics covered in the survey include training and staff development, vacancies and skills shortages, employee skill gaps and the recruitment of education leavers.

  • Work Choice Statistics

Number of referrals to Work Choice in the period and the corresponding numbers of Work Choice starts and job outcomes. (Work Choice can help you get and keep a job if you’re disabled and find it hard to work.)

  • Regional and Economic Performance Indicators (REPI)

Presents statistical information that illustrates the factors that contributed to regional economic performance. The dataset is very rich and covers innovation, skills, investment, earnings, exports.

  • Characteristics of Young Unemployed People

A short story explaining the characteristics of unemployed people aged 16 to 24.

  • Reasons for leaving last job

This release gives information on the reasons why people left their main jobs, focusing on whether the reason they left was voluntary or involuntary. Trends in the rate of people leaving their main job over the past 15 years, either voluntarily or involuntarily, are examined, as are separations broken down by industry, private/public sector, age and gender.

  • Earnings by Qualification in the UK, 2011

This analysis looks at differences in the median hourly earnings of employees depending on their highest level of qualification. It will look at the skill levels of jobs that are typically performed by people with different levels of qualification. 1993 and 2010 data are compared.

  • Jobcentre Plus Vacancies

Job Centre vacancies - by industry, occupation and duration

  • Bus employment statistics tables (Employment BUS07)

Bus employment statistics tables, produced by the Department for Transport including staff employed by bus and coach operators since 1965, employment jobs in transport industry by transport mode since 1996, gross weekly earnings all occupations including bus drivers from 1997 and hours worked all occupations and bus drivers from 1997.

  • Youth Contract wage incentive payments: experimental statistics

Youth Contract wage incentive payments: experimental statistics.

  • DWP statistical summaries

A monthly publication that brings together statistics on DWP-administered benefits and Jobseeker's Allowance sanctions. The DWP statistical summary brings together the main National Statistics on DWP administered benefits and sanctions, including: Attendance Allowance, Bereavement Benefit, Carer’s Allowance, Disability Living Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance, Incapacity, Benefit, Industrial Injuries Disablement Allowance, Jobseeker’s Allowance, Maternity Allowance, Pension Credit, State Pension, Widow’s Benefit.

  • Nomis

Free access to the most detailed and up-to-date UK labour market statistics from official sources. Labour market and related population data for local areas from a variety of sources including the Labour Force Survey (LFS), claimant count, Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES), New Earnings Survey (NES), and the 2011, 2001, 1991 and 1981 Censuses of Population. Data from official government sources (mostly National Statistics).

  • Free Company Data (Companies House)

The Free Company Data Product is a downloadable data snapshot containing basic company data of live companies on the register.

  • Open Corporates Data

The open database of the corporate world giving data access to over 60 million companies.  It provides a URL to these companies, and also provides links to some government data about these companies.

  • Jobcentre Plus Pathways to Work Official Statistics

Quarterly statistics on the number of programme starts and job entries for Jobcentre Plus Pathways to Work.

  • Business Demography

This product includes births, deaths and survivals of UK enterprises. The active stock of businesses is also shown, so that birth and death rates can be calculated.

  • Earnings in the UK over the Past 25 Years

The story will look at how pay has changed in the UK since 1986, comparing increases for the lowest and highest paid. It will look at changes since the introduction of the National Minimum Wage and also the impact of recessions over the period. It will also show the types of jobs that pay the most as well as differences across the regions of the UK.

  • Maternity Allowance: quarterly statistics

Data on the number of women claiming Maternity Allowance.                                                                                                      

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